After steadily declining for over a decade, global hunger is on the rise again, affecting 815 million people in 2016, or 11 per cent of the global population, says a new edition of the annual United Nations report.
The report dubbed "The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017", which was made available to the Ghana News Agency by Paul Garwood of the World Health Organisation (WHO) said at the same time, multiple forms of malnutrition are threatening the health of millions worldwide.
It said the increase – 38 million more people than the previous year – was largely due to the proliferation of violent conflicts and climate-related shocks; and some 155 million children aged under five were stunted (too short for their age).
The report said while 52 million suffer from wasting, meaning their weight is too low for their height; an estimated 41 million children were now overweight.
It said anaemia among women and adult obesity are also a cause for concern. The report said these trends were a consequence not only of conflict and climate change but also of sweeping changes in dietary habits as well as economic slowdowns.
The report is the first UN global assessment on food security and nutrition to be released following the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030 as a top international policy priority.
It singles out conflict – increasingly compounded by climate change – as one of the key drivers behind the resurgence of hunger and many forms of malnutrition.
"Over the past decade, conflicts have risen dramatically in number and become more complex and intractable in nature," the heads of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) the World Food Programme (WFP) and the WHO said in their joint foreword to the report.
They stressed that some of the highest proportions of food-insecure and malnourished children in the world are now concentrated in conflict zones.
"This has set off alarm bells we cannot afford to ignore: we will not end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030 unless we address all the factors that undermine food security and nutrition. Securing peaceful and inclusive societies is a necessary condition to that end," they said.
"Famine struck in parts of South Sudan for several months in early 2017, and there is a high risk that it could reoccur there as well as it appeared in other conflict-affected places, namely northeast Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen," they noted.
The report said, however, even in regions that are more peaceful, droughts or floods linked in part to the El Niño weather phenomenon, as well as the global economic slowdown, had also seen food security and nutrition deteriorate, they said.
The report said the overall number of hungry people in the world is 815 million. The breakdown include in Asia: 520 million, in Africa: 243 million, in Latin America and the Caribbean: 42 million.
This is the first time that UNICEF and WHO join FAO, IFAD and WFP in preparing The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report.
This change reflects the SDG agenda’s broader view on hunger and all forms of malnutrition.
The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition, established by the General Assembly, is lending focus to this effort by motivating governments to set goals and invest in measures to address the multiple dimensions of malnutrition.
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 has been re-geared for the SDG era and includes enhanced metrics for quantifying and assessing hunger, including two indicators on food insecurity and six indicators on nutrition.
The Campaign Manager for the New Patriotic Party (NPP) in the 2016 elections, Mr. Peter Mac Manu will be an observer at Germany’s general elections slated for September 24, a statement from the Democratic Union of Africa (DUA) has said.
Mr. Mac Manu who is the honorary Chairman DUA will be joining the Election Observer Mission of the International Democratic Union (IDU).
The statement said, “Hon Peter Mac Manu will observe some of the rallies and also have firsthand experience on how the Germans’ conduct their political rallies in recent times. Further, Mr. Mac Manu would have the opportunity to tour some polling stations across some of the 299 voting districts to observe voting conduct in Munich voting district,” a statement from the DUA said.
‘’Hon Peter Mac Manu will observe some of the rallies and also have firsthand experience on how the Germans’ conduct their political rallies in recent times. Further, Mr. Mac Manu would have the opportunity to tour some polling stations across some of the 299 voting districts to observe voting conduct in Munich voting district.
Final results of the German elections are expected to be announced by midnight of Sunday, 24th September 2017. The party or the coalition bloc that win the most seats in the Bundestag will have the mandate to form government,’’ the statement added.
Find below the full statement
MAC MANU TO OBSERVE GERMAN 2017 GENERAL ELECTION
Peter Mac Manu, Honorary Chairman of the Democratic Union of Africa (DUA), an affiliate of the International Democratic Union (IDU), joins, the Election Observer Mission of IDU to witness the Germany’s elections to the Bundestag scheduled for Sunday, 24th September 2017. Mr. Mac Manu is also former National Chairman of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) and its 2016 National Campaign Manager for Ghana’s Presidential/ Parliamentary elections.
Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel is seeking re-election for the 4th time leading the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the CSU in a coalition with Martin Schulz of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) as her main opponent. Other parties include the Free Democratic Party (FDP) and the left’s Alternative for German (AfD) which is led by Sahra Wagenknecht and Dietmar Bartsch.
The elections are taking place in all the 299 voting districts across the country. The German’s electoral architecture is transparent and analog – voters are only allowed to vote with pen and paper and not with digital voting machines. All counting takes place by hand in the 70,000 or so voting locations and counting is open to the public.
Hon Peter Mac Manu will observe some of the rallies and also have firsthand experience on how the Germans’ conduct their political rallies in recent times. Further, Mr. Mac Manu would have the opportunity to tour some polling stations across some of the 299 voting districts to observe voting conduct in Munich voting district.
Final results of the German elections are expected to be announced by midnight of Sunday, 24th September 2017. The party or the coalition bloc that win the most seats in the Bundestag will have the mandate to form government.
It is our hope that lessons learnt from the observation will help shape a
President Nana Akufo-Addo is set to propose legislation to designate August 4 as Founders Day, a statement signed by the Director of Communications at the Presidency, Eugene Arhin has said.
The statement said Dr. Nkrumah’s birthday would be marked as a memorial day.
” it is entirely appropriate that we commemorate him for that role, by designating his birthday as the permanent day of his remembrance.”
“The President has, therefore, decided to propose legislation to Parliament to designate 4th August as FOUNDERS DAY, and 21st September as KWAME NKRUMAH MEMORIAL DAY, both of which will be observed as public holidays.”
“…In the meantime, the President has issued an Executive Instrument to commemorate this year’s celebration of KWAME NKRUMAH MEMORIAL DAY as a public holiday,” the statement added.
Below is the full statement
It is unfortunate that, 60 years after independence, the history of the events leading to it continues to be embroiled in unnecessary controversy, due largely to partisan political considerations of the moment.
It is clear that successive generations of Ghanaians made vital contributions to the liberation of our country from imperialism and colonialism. It is, therefore, fitting that we honour them, as those who contributed to the founding of our nation.
The most appropriate way to honour them is to commemorate the day on which the two most significant events in our colonial political history, that led us to independence, occurred – 4th August.
On that day, in 1897, the Aborigines Rights Protection Society (ARPS) was formed in Cape Coast. The Society did a great job to mobilise the chiefs and people to ward off the greedy hands of British imperialism to ensure that control of Ghanaian lands remained in Ghanaian hands. It represented the first monumental step towards the making of modern Ghana, enabling us to avoid the quagmire of land inheritance that our brothers and sisters in Southern and Eastern Africa continue to suffer, from the seizures of their lands by white minorities.
In a deliberate act in the continuum of Ghanaian history, exactly fifty years later, on 4th August, 1947, at Saltpond, the great nationalists of the time gathered to inaugurate the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), the first truly nationalist party of the Gold Coast, to demand the independence of our nation from British rule, at a gathering which included “paramount chiefs, clergymen, lawyers, entrepreneurs, teachers, traders and men and women from all walks of life in the Gold Coast”, according to an eye witness.
The inauguration set the ball rolling for our nation’s attainment of independence, and for the dramatic events, including the birth in 1949 of the Convention Peoples Party (CPP), that ushered us into freedom.
That day, 4th August, is, thus, obviously the most appropriate day to signify our recognition and appreciation of the collective efforts of our forebears towards the founding of a free, independent Ghana.
It is equally clear that the first leader of independent Ghana, and the nation’s 1st President, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, played an outstanding role in helping to bring to fruition the works of the earlier generations, and leading us to the promised land of national freedom and independence. It is entirely appropriate that we commemorate him for that role, by designating his birthday as the permanent day of his remembrance.
The President has, therefore, decided to propose legislation to Parliament to designate 4th August as FOUNDERS DAY, and 21st September as KWAME NKRUMAH MEMORIAL DAY, both of which will be observed as public holidays. In the meantime, the President has issued an Executive Instrument to commemorate this year’s celebration of KWAME NKRUMAH MEMORIAL DAY as a public holiday.
Director of Communications
Office of the President
Accra, 15th September, 2017.
The Member of Parliament for Pru East constituency Dr. Kwabena Donkor has challenged those mocking his call on the president to revoke Sammy Awuku’s appointment to chair the Youth Employment Authority (YEA), to make his Curriculum Vitae (CV) available.
The legislator has raised objections with the appointment of Sammy Awuku as Board Chairman of the Youth Employment Authority (YEA).
According to the former Power Minister, Sammy Awuku lacks the requisite experience required by law.
The Minority Spokesperson on Employment, Social Welfare, and State Enterprise in an interview with Nyankonton Mu Nsem on Rainbow Radio 87.5Fm said, he does not dispute the competence of the Youth Organizer of the NPP however, he lacks the requisite skills and expertise to chair the board.
He has therefore asked that the president revokes the appointment and reassign him or make him a board member.
He stressed that if people are adamant and believes he [Awuku] qualifies, then they should make public his CV so we can all satisfy our curiosity.
Togbe Afede XIV, Agbogbomefia of Asogli State, and President of the National House of Chiefs, has lauded government for implementing its flagship Free Senior High School Policy.
He said “education is the most effective weapon against poverty” and that the policy formed the basis for the country’s development agenda.
Togbe Afede was addressing a durbar in Ho to climax the 2017 Asogli Yam Festival, which was held under the theme: “the role of tradition and culture in governance and development”.
The President of the National House of Chiefs also commended government for other initiatives such as the industrialization policy and the fight against corruption and environmental degradation.
Togbe Afede, however lamented the dwindling role of chiefs in national development, and said measures were being put in place to ensure they “won back their nobility”.
He called on chiefs to support Government’s policies and take advantage of them to develop their areas.
Togbe Afede said poverty was not God’s design for mankind, and urged Government to liberate the private sector to transform the economy and create wealth for the citizenry.
“We must do things differently. The same way will not help us. Biblical miracles are history now. God does not reward laziness and mediocrity, he rewards hardwork,” he said.
Dr. Alhaji Mahamudu Bawumia, the Vice President, asked Asogli youth to take lessons from the Festival and rekindle communal spirit and patriotism.
“Elders are the teachers of civic responsibility and must instill proper discipline and pride in the youth…that is how we shape the norms of society…this is how we make ourselves better,” he said.
Dr. Bawumia said the Free SHS was just the start of many good things adding that the policy would benefit all.
He said teacher trainee allowance would be restored this month, and that of nurses next month, and reiterated Government’s commitment to the construction of the Eastern Corridor road and the construction of a bridge on River Oti.
Dr. Bawumia announced that Government would soon launch a digital address system to enhance commerce and governance.
The festival attracted members of the diplomatic corps and local and foreign tourists.