The Institute of Climate and Environmental Governance (ICEG) is concerned about the implementation of the emission levy from February 1, 2024, due to unclear revenue management for climate transition efforts.
ICEG in a statement argued that the introduction of the emission levy is expected to have an economic impact on motor vehicle owners by reducing their disposable income, and industries reliant on high-emission fossil fuels will experience an increase in their operational costs.
However, ICEG noted that the introduction of this levy is crucial for Ghana’s energy transition agenda in attaining net-zero targets and would align with both environmental objectives and the socio-economic well-being of the citizens and industries in Ghana.
“Despite the progressive nature of the Levy, ICEG is concerned about the apparent lack of commitment by the government beyond the imposition of the Levy, to investing the expected revenue on financing green infrastructure. Based on the analysis of the Act, there is no stated portfolio established to use the revenue generated to finance our energy transition efforts”.
There is therefore the risk that opens up the expected revenue to mismanagement and its associated consequences, adding, “Countries like Germany and Italy use almost 95% of its emissions taxes to finance their green projects and initiatives but there is the risk in Ghana that, the money will be spent on unrelated issues”.
ICEG is also opposed to the taxation approach on motor vehicles, buses, and coaches.
“Our position is anchored on the school of thought that different motor vehicles emit CO2 at varying levels depending on the year of make of the vehicle and its maintenance regime. This makes it unjust for low polluters to pay the same rate as high polluters.”
It has therefore recommended that proceeds accrued should not be deposited into the Consolidated Fund, adding that, the government should consider setting up an Emission Fund to ensure a proper accountability mechanism that ensures judicious allocation of funds generated.
ICEG called on the government to slowly implement the levy and put up the necessary institutional infrastructure for effective implementation and use of revenue.
It added that a progressive tax structure approach that promotes equity and fairness should be considered to ensure the perpetual use of cleaner vehicles. Thus, rates associated with emitters who use internal engine combustion motor vehicles up to 3000 cc should be redefined. Regardless of the engine size, owners of motor vehicles manufactured within five years should not be subject to the same rate as those with motor vehicles manufactured over five years”.
Meanwhile, it has called for the adoption of eco-friendly vehicles by instituting rebates and incentive regimes for owners of low-emission vehicles.